German-Quiz #1

The verb „sein“ (to be)

The verb „sein“ to be can have three different complements:

1. situative complement: Ich bin in der Stadt. – I’m in the city.

Explanation: The situative complement consists of a preposition (here „in“) and a noun in the dative case (here „der Stadt“, der is the dative of the feminine „die“; Stadt has a feminine gender).

2. nominative complement: Das ist aber eine schöne Jacke. – Wow, that’s a nice jacket!

Explanation: „Jacke“ has a feminine gender, so the adjective „schön“ gets the ending -e, „eine“ is the indefinite feminine article in the nominative case.

3. adjective complent: Die Wohnung ist echt schön. – The flat is really nice.

Explanation: „schön“ is the adjective complement.

ATTENTION! „sein“ is an irregular verb:

ich bin, du bist, er/sie/es ist, wir sind, ihr seid, sie/Sie sind

Grammar:

§1 The declination of the adjective after the indefinite article in the nominative case:

ein schöner (m)

eine schöne (f)

ein schönes (n)

– schöne (PL)

§2 The declination of the adjective after the definite article in the nominative case:

der, die, das schöne (m,f,n)

die schönen (PL)

ATTENTION! The endings of the adjective differ depending on wether a definite or an indefinite article is used.

Now build sentences with the verb „sein“ and the nominative complement, once with the definite and once with the indefinite article.

The one of you sending me the most right answers gets one skype lesson German (20 minutes) for free!

1. Hut(m), neu

2. Hose(f), grau

3. Ohrringe(PL), schön

4. Schuhe(PL), alt

5. Hemd(n), rot

6. Mantel(m), grau

7. Pullover(m), gelb

8. T-Shirt(n), grün

9. Socken(PL), alt

10. Bluse(f), blau

abbrevations used here:

nom. – nominative case/complement

m – masculine

f – feminine

n – neuter

PL – PLURAL

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